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Element

Definition

Notation

Resource

An asset owned or controlled by an individual or organization.

ArchiMate Strategy - Resource

Capability

An ability that an active structure element, such as an organization, person, or system, possesses.

ArchiMate Strategy - Capability

Course of Action

An approach or plan for configuring some capabilities and resource of the enterprise, undertaken to achieve a goal.

ArchiMate Strategy - Course of Action

ArchiMate 3.0 Strategy Elements

ArchiMate Strategy Layer

The Strategy elements are depicted within the framework as the new Strategy Layer. These are Resource, Capability and Course of Action. Their addition makes ArchiMate 3.0 more relevant for capability-based planning and strategic activities within the enterprise. These new Strategy elements are useful to architects and analysts because they enable the modeling of an important but previously overlooked area of business. Consider capability-based planning, for example. This business planning paradigm drives extra value for the enterprise by assisting with the alignment of business and IT. Consequently, a high number of organizations nowadays are taking advantage of the versatility afforded by capability maps. It’s worth noting that these elements are defined in accordance with other standards (such as TOGAF or BIZBOK) in order to ensure a smooth user transition between them. You can find the official definitions below.

Element

Definition

Notation

Outcome

An end result that has been achieved.

ArchiMate Motivations - Outcome

Meaning

The knowledge or expertise present in, or the interpretation given to, a core element in a particular context.

ArchiMate Motivations - Meaning

Value

The relative worth, utility, or importance of a core element or an outcome.

ArchiMate Motivations - Value

ArchiMate 3.0 Motivation Elements

It’s worth mentioning that the Influence relationship benefits from a wider usage in ArchiMate 3.0. Specifically, it can be used within the Motivation aspect to either connect stakeholders, or otherwise link core elements to requirements. Lastly, the changes to the Strategy and Motivation elements prescribe that all behavior elements can realize capabilities and all structure elements can realize resources.

Summary

To summarize what we’ve learned so far, here is a list of the main changes regarding the Strategy and Motivation area of the standard:

  • Introduced new Strategy concepts (Capability, Resource, Course of Action)
  • Introduced a new Motivation concept (Outcome) and moved two concepts from the Business layer to the Motivation elements (Meaning, Value)
  • Extended the use of the Influence relationship
  • All behavior elements can realize capabilities and all structure elements can realize resources
  • Alignment of concepts with other standards – TOGAF, BIZBOK, BMM etc.

You can read more about the other updates to ArchiMate 3.0 using the links below:

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